Information Management Institute Xennia



From Formulation to Fill:
Manufacturing Ink Jet Inks For Performance & Reliability

July 21-22, 2004

The Hotel @ MIT
Cambridge, Massachusetts


Xennia Technology Limited

sponsored by

Information Management Institute, Inc.

Course Focus

Based on many years of experience, this course is designed to provide pragmatic insight into what it takes to manufacture ink jet inks that will work and keep working reliably in a printer! It has been especially designed for ink jet chemists, engineers and manufacturers to address the requirements for producing reliable commercial ink jet inks with particular attention to two key aspects:

  • Controlling the Performance & Properties of an Ink at all Stages
  • Manufacturing an Ink with Consistent Batch to Batch Quality

The Ink Jet Academy: From Formulation to Fill is designed for those wishing to develop and manufacture or outsource the development and manufacture of ink jet inks. It will help you understand the issues of development and testing, scale-up for manufacture, the manufacturing process itself and the realities of successful jetting.

The popular course, The Ink Jet Academy: Theory of Ink Jet Technology, provides a good background on the types of ink jet inks and materials that are used in today's ink jet printers. But how are inks actually made? Why does colored water cost up to $2,000 per liter? Is pigmented ink really more expensive to make than dye-based ink? What is involved in manufacturing advanced ink jet inks? How do you really get ink to jet reliably? These are just some of the issues addressed in The Ink Jet Academy: From Formulation To Fill.

As well as being of interest to ink jet technologists, managers will benefit from an understanding of the ink jet ink manufacturing process in order to set realistic project and revenue plans and to decide whether to manufacture in in-house or source it externally. This 1 ˝ day course is presented by Dr. Alan Hudd and John Corrall of Xennia Technology Limited.

From Formulation to Fill:
Manufacturing Ink Jet Inks For Performance & Reliability

Agenda and Schedule

  Wednesday, July 21, 2004

  7:00 a.m.Registration & Breakfast

  8:00 a.m.Opening Session

Alvin G. Keene, President, Information Management Institute, Inc., Carrabassett Valley, Maine, USA


  • Design
  • Requirements
  • Critical Materials


  • Formulation Process
    - Dyes
    - Pigments
    - Polymers
    - Additives
    - UV Cure
  • Development Process
    - Pragmatic Vs. Systematic
    - Applications
    - Examples Of Ink Development
  • Relationship With The Printer
    - Printhead
    - Color Tables
    - Ink Management Systems
  • Resources - Large Team Vs. Small Team
    - Equipment
    - Cost Of Investment
    - Automation & Measurement


  • Optimization & Testing
  • Test Schedules
  • Protocols
  • Testing For Reliability & Robustness

 12:00 Noon Lunch

  1:00 p.m.Session 2


  • Scale Up For Manufacture
    - Lab Processes
    - Pilot Plant Trials
    - SPC Parameters
  • Manufacturing & Ink Plant Requirements
    - Layout
    - Equipment Selection
    - Manufacturing Practices
    - Quality Standards
  • Processes
    - Materials
    - Incoming Quality
    - Purification
  • Mixing Regimes
    - Water Based
    - Solvent Based
    - UV Cure Based
    - Dyes
    - Pigments
  • Dispersion Processes
  • Milling Processes
  • Filtration Processes
  • Degassing
  • Supply Specifications
  • Manufacturing Quality Control Practices


  • Cost Structures
  • Ink Pricing
  • Positioning

  5:30 p.m.Reception

  Thursday, July 22, 2004

  7:30 a.mContinental Breakfast

  8:00 a.m. Session 3

  • Taking An Ink From Laboratory To The Field
  • Laboratory Efforts
    - Checking & Confirming Operating Parameters
    - Drop Visualization
    - Operating "Windows"
    For Each Parameter
    How Close To The "Edge" Are We?
    - Printhead Reliability Testing
    - Setup
    - Safety
    - Maintenance Regimes
    - Printer Reliability Testing
    - Ink
    - Media
    - Environment
    - Printer Limitations
  • Field Efforts
    - Field Trials
    - Identifying & Debugging Field Problems
    Ink Media Interaction
    Ink/Printhead Performance
    Image Sensitivity
    Environmental Effects
    System Problems
    The "Customer Effect"


  • Customer Acceptance Specification
  • Warranties
  • Field Quality Control Practices
  • Field Support (And How To Get It Wrong!)

 12:00 Noon Adjournment

Download a PDF version of this program by  
clicking here (summercamp04.pdf - 295K bytes)


Dr. Alan L Hudd, President & Chief Technical Officer, Xennia Technology Limited, Royston, Hertfordshire, England

In 1996, Dr. Hudd founded Xennia Technology; the world's first independent contract ink jet technology house dedicated to the industrial and office inkjet industries. Since then, Dr. Hudd has grown Xennia into a leading player in the rapidly emerging market for industrial inkjet technologies. Under Dr. Hudd, Xennia has developed a unique set of inkjet chemistry, engineering and problem solving capabilities that has resulted in a number of important technology innovations, especially in the field of inkjet dispensing of difficult materials. Prior to establishing Xennia, Dr. Hudd was for 8 years the Fluids Technology Manager at Domino Printing Sciences, developing a wide range of inkjet inks for diverse applications and is credited with a number of patents and significant innovations within the industrial inkjet industry. He spent almost eight years with the Ministry of Defence and Royal Ordnance in the UK, developing new solid polymer rocket propellants for air to air missiles. Dr. Hudd graduated with B.Sc. Honours degree in Chemistry and Physics, M.Sc and Ph.D research degrees in Polymer Chemistry from Manchester University.

John Corrall, Production and Engineering Director, Xennia Technology Limited, Royston, Hertfordshire, England

Prior to joining Xennia in January 2004, Mr. Carroll spent six years with Xaar where he developed the XJ500 printhead and the newly announced Omnidot printhead (with Agfa) and was responsible for the joint development of the Leopard printhead (with Toshiba Tec). He was also responsible for "second line" field support - working with European and Asian customers to achieve best results from their Xaar printheads using both UV and solvent inks.

With a total of 17 years experience in the development, manufacture and field support of ink jet systems, Mr. Corral was head of Engineering at Elmjet where he was responsible for the SR50 Binary Array printer and developed it into the Videojet PrintPro. He was also in charge of ink development for these products and "second line" field support. He served as Development Manager at Domino Printing Sciences and was responsible for several major developments including the Domino Codebox 2 and JetArray continuous ink jet printers.

Mr. Corrall holds a BSc in Electronics from Aston University.


Xennia Technology Ltd. is a leading ink jet technology company. Its activities span supply of customized ink jet solutions, contract R & D services, technology licensing and inkjet consultancy. Xennia is credited with number of patented and proprietary breakthrough technologies relating to a wide range of inkjet applications and materials.

For further details, contact Xennia Technology Limited.
Dr. Alan Hudd
President & Chief Technical Officer
Xennia Technology Limited
Lumen House, Lumen Road
Royston, Hertfordshire SG8 7AG
Phone: +1-44-1763-246 600
Fax: +1-44-1763-245 400
Web Site:

Information Management Institute, Inc. provides conference programs in the worldwide computer printer industry. Founded in 1988, IMI offers the largest and most comprehensive conference and seminar program in the digital printing industry. Since 1990, IMI has sponsored over 200 digital printing industry programs. Each year over 2000 industry technical, marketing and management personnel from over 600 companies attend over 20 programs covering ink jet, thermal, laser, digital printing presses, textile printing, printing consumables and other digital printing technology and application topics.

For further details, contact Information Management Institute:

Alvin G. Keene
Information Management Institute, Inc.
1106 Valley Crossing
Carrabassett Valley, ME 04947
Phone: +1-207-235-2225
Fax: +1-207-235-2226
Web Site:


The Ink Jet Academy - From Formulation to Fill course is being held at the Hotel @ MIT located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Hotel reservations are the responsibility of each meeting registrant. To receive the special meeting rate of $145 for single or double occupancy, you must identify yourself as a registrant to Information Management Institute's Digital Printing Summer Camp. Early booking is advised as the reduced rate is guaranteed only until June 28, 2004. Phone +1-617-577-0200 or email to make hotel reservations. You may register online by going to (click on Reservations at bottom left of screen which will redirect you to the web site) where you will select arrival date, smoking preferences, bed type & departure date. At group/convention code prompt, you must insert IMI - a reservation and confirmation code will be provided.


The Hotel @ MIT is conveniently located just off Massachusetts Avenue in historic Cambridge, Massachusetts on MIT property. The hotel and conference center feature contemporary architecture outside and high-tech décor and amenities inside. Academics, business people and travelers appreciate the whimsical, eclectic style and warm service.

Recognized by its stunning exterior dome, The Hotel @ MIT anchors University Park Development, a premier office, high-tech and biomedical park near Central Square with many ethnic restaurants and unique shops located nearby within walking distance. Its innovative master plan, developed by Koetter Kim and Associates, won the 1986 Urban Design Award from Progressive Architecture magazine.

Original artwork from the MIT collection and armoires with circuit board inlays accent each guest room. In-room conveniences include ergonomically designed furniture, sumptuous bathrobes, complimentary turndown service upon request, two-line portable telephones and data ports. All guest rooms also offer complimentary high-speed T1 Internet access and wireless internet service is available in the hotel lobby, library and Sydney's Restaurant. The Hotel @ MIT lobby features whimsical, moving sculptures that combine the principles of physics with the fun of toys. Even the elevators take you to the future, with their exposed circuitry and neon blue lights.

The Hotel @ MIT is a convenient cab ride from Boston's Logan International Airport for approximately $30. On-Site parking is limited and costs $20 per day for self parking and $25 per day for valet parking.

You will find The Hotel @ MIT located in one of Cambridge's most aesthetic and innovative multi-use development areas. Nearby to MIT and Harvard Square, the hotel is conveniently located near public transportation that will take you to Boston's many attractions (Faneuil Hall, Quincy Market, Freedom Trail, Boston Commons, Newbury Street, museums, theaters, shopping, etc.).

The Hotel @ MIT ( plus the Cambridge/Boston area (Go to Area Happenings section of for information links) provide an excellent opportunity to extend your visit into a memorable vacation experience. Dress for the Ink Jet Academy - From Formulation to Fill course will be casual.

The Hotel @ MIT address is:

Hotel @ MIT
20 Sydney Street
Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139
Phone: +1-617-577-0200 or +1-800-222-8733
Fax: +1-617-494-8366


Cambridge, Massachusetts was settled in 1630 by a group from the Massachusetts Bay Company. Originally called "Newtowne," it was incorporated as a town in 1636 and became a city in 1846 by uniting the three villages of Old Cambridge, Cambridgeport and East Cambridge. The name "Cambridge" was selected by the General Court because many of the men had attended Cambridge University in England and thought it would be an appropriate name for a college town in New England.

In 1636, Cambridge took its first formative step toward becoming the innovative city it is now with the founding of America's oldest university, Harvard University. Today, Cambridge is perhaps best known for being the home of two world-class universities, Harvard University and MIT, located within just two miles of each other. Yet Cambridge is much more than just a college town or a suburb of Boston. Imbued with a rich history, a persevering entrepreneurial spirit and an enduring legacy of innovation, Cambridge has developed a distinct flavor and feel all its own.

Cambridge has been the site of political, religious and social historic events for nearly 350 years. Freedom of speech was declared at Cambridge Common in 1637, freedom of religion in 1740 and George Washington took command of the First Continental Army there in 1775. Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's house is still located on elegant Brattle Street along with other Tory mansions, which house historical artifacts from the birth of the United States. More American presidents and Nobel laureates have lived in Cambridge than in any other city.

Today, Cambridge continues to successfully merge history, education, innovation, arts and culture to provide its multicultural community of immigrants, artists, students, professors, entrepreneurs, factory workers and professionals with a welcoming, progressive place to live and work.

Just across the river from Boston, Massachusetts; Cambridge offers an exciting multicultural setting where visitors from around the world mingle. Teeming with cafes, bookstores, and boutiques, Cambridge is often referred to as "Boston's Left Bank".

As a captivating, off-beat alternative to Boston, the "Squares" of Cambridge are charming neighborhoods rich in adventurous dining options as well as unique shopping, theatres, museums, and historic sites. Located between the academic powerhouses of Harvard and MIT, Central Square is the seat of City government and is home to a rich variety of international restaurants and music clubs. Harvard Square, located around the historic brick walls of the country's oldest university, is a mecca for dining, shopping, books, and entertainment. Historically, Inman Square is a bustling shopping district and today, is home to a bounty of unique restaurants offering cuisine of unparalleled excellence and diversity. Just a bridge away from Boston's Beacon Hill neighborhood, Kendall Square is home to MIT and the heart of Massachusetts' booming high tech and biotechnology industries. In north Cambridge, Porter Square boasts the region's largest concentration of Japanese eateries and shops including a popular Japanese bookstore.

For detailed information on Cambridge's attractions, visit the Cambridge Office of Tourism web site and for information on nearby Boston, visit Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau web site


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